In this tutorial, we will learn how to build a MEAN stack (MongoDB + Node.js Express + Angular 8) Authentication with Login & Registration example. The back-end server uses Node.js Express with jsonwebtoken for JWT Authentication & Authorization, Mongoose for interacting with MongoDB database. The front-end will be created with Angular 8 using HttpInterceptor and Router. We’ll also perform Form validation on UI.
Run both projects in one place:
How to Integrate Angular 8 with Node.js Restful Services
- JWT (JSON Web Token)
- MEAN stack Login and Registration example
- Flow for User Registration and User Login
- Back-end with Node.js Express & Mongoose ODM
- Front-end with Angular 8, HttpInterceptor and Router
- Further Reading
JWT (JSON Web Token)
Comparing with Session-based Authentication that need to store Session on Cookie, the big advantage of Token-based Authentication is that we store the JSON Web Token (JWT) on Client side: Local Storage for Browser, Keychain for IOS and SharedPreferences for Android… So we don’t need to build another backend project that supports Native Apps or an additional Authentication module for Native App users.
There are three important parts of a JWT: Header, Payload, Signature. Together they are combined to a standard structure:
The Client typically attaches JWT in x-access-token header:
For more details, you can visit:
In-depth Introduction to JWT-JSON Web Token
MEAN stack Login and Registration example
It will be a full stack, with Node.js Express + MongoDB for back-end and Angular 8 for front-end. The access is verified by JWT Authentication.
- User can signup new account, login with username & password.
- Authorization by the role of the User (admin, moderator, user)
The images below shows screenshots of our Angular 8 Client App.
– Anyone can access a public page before logging in:
– A new User can signup:
– Registration Form validation:
– Login with legal account:
– Profile page:
– UI for admin role:
– If a User who doesn’t have Admin role tries to access Admin/Moderator Board page:
Flow for User Registration and User Login
The diagram shows flow of User Registration, User Login and Authorization process.
We have 2 endpoints for authentication:
api/auth/signupfor User Registration
api/auth/signinfor User Login
A legal JWT must be added to HTTP x-access-token Header if Client accesses protected resources.
Back-end with Node.js Express & Mongoose ODM
Our Node.js Express Application can be summarized in the diagram below:
Via Express routes, HTTP request that matches a route will be checked by CORS Middleware before coming to Security layer.
Security layer includes:
- JWT Authentication Middleware: verify SignUp, verify token
- Authorization Middleware: check User’s roles with record in database
An error message will be sent as HTTP response to Client when the middlewares throw any error, .
Controllers interact with MongoDB Database via Mongoose library and send HTTP response (token, user information, data based on roles…) to Client.
- Express 4.17.1
- bcryptjs 2.4.3
- jsonwebtoken 8.5.1
- mongoose 5.9.1
This is directory structure for our Node.js Express & MongoDB application:
- configure MongoDB connection
- configure Auth Key
- auth.routes.js: POST signup & signin
- user.routes.js: GET public & protected resources
- verifySignUp.js: check duplicate Username or Email
- authJwt.js: verify Token, check User roles in database
- auth.controller.js: handle signup & signin actions
- user.controller.js: return public & protected content
– models for Mongoose Models
– server.js: import and initialize neccesary modules and routes, listen for connections.
Because the instruction of this implementation will very long, so I write it in a separated post (with Github) that you can find here:
Node.js + MongoDB: JWT Authentication & Authorization example
Front-end with Angular 8, HttpInterceptor and Router
Our Angular App can be summarized in component diagram below:
App component is a container using
Router. It gets user token & user information from Browser Session Storage via
token-storage.service. Then the navbar now can display based on the user login state & roles.
Register components have form for submission data (with support of Form Validation). They use
token-storage.service for checking state and
auth.service for sending signin/signup requests.
auth.service uses Angular HttpClient (
$http service) to make authentication requests.
– every HTTP request by
$http service will be inspected and transformed before being sent by
Home component is public for all visitor.
Profile component get
user data from Session Storage.
BoardAdmin components will be displayed depending on
roles from Session Storage. In these components, we use
user.service to get protected resources from API.
– Angular 8
– RxJS 6
The structure of Angular front-end project is simple:
Because I’ve shown component diagram, you can understand it properly without any explanation.
You can find step by step to implement this Angular 8 Application in the post:
Angular 8 JWT Authentication example with Web Api (with Github)
– Angular 10 JWT Authentication example with Web Api (with Github)
– Angular 11 JWT Authentication example with Web Api (with Github)
– Angular 12 JWT Authentication example with Web Api (with Github)
- Angular HttpInterceptor
- In-depth Introduction to JWT-JSON Web Token
Now we have an overview of MEAN stack Login and Registration with Angular 8 example using JWT for Authentication and Authorization along with flow for signup/login actions.
We also take a look at Node.js Express server architecture for JWT Authentication using jsonwebtoken & Mongoose ODM, as well as Angular 8 project structure for building a front-end app working with JWT.
Next tutorials will show you more details about how to implement this interesting system (with Github):
This Angular Client also works well with back-end in the post:
– Node.js + MySQL: JWT Authentication & Authorization
– Node.js + PostgreSQL: JWT Authentication & Authorization
You will want to know how to run both projects in one place:
How to Integrate Angular 8 with Node.js Restful Services
Happy learning, see you again!