Angular 11 Multiple Images Upload with Preview example

In this tutorial, I will show you way to build Multiple Images upload and Preview example with Web API/Rest API using Angular 11, FormData and Bootstrap Progress Bars.

More Practice:
Angular 11 + Spring Boot: File upload example
Angular 11 + Node.js: File Upload example
Angular 11 CRUD Application example with Web API
Angular 11 JWT Authentication example with Web Api

Newer versions:
Using Angular 12
Using Angular 13
Using Angular 14
Using Angular 15
Using Angular 16


We will create an Angular 11 multiple Images upload with Preview application in that user can:

  • see the preview of images that will be uploaded
  • see the upload process (percentage) of all uploading images
  • view all uploaded images
  • download image by clicking on the file name

Here are screenshots of our React App:

– Before upload:


– Upload is done:


– List of Images Display with download Urls:


– Show status for each image upload:



  • Angular 11
  • RxJS 6
  • Bootstrap 4

Web API for Image Upload & Storage

Here are Rest APIs that we will use Axios to make HTTP requests:

Methods Urls Actions
POST /upload upload a File
GET /files get List of Files (name & url)
GET /files/[filename] download a File

You can find how to implement the Rest APIs Server at one of following posts:
Node.js Express File Upload Rest API example
Node.js Express File Upload to MongoDB example
Node.js Express File Upload to Google Cloud Storage example
Spring Boot Multipart File upload (to static folder) example

Setup Angular 11 Project

Let’s open cmd and use Angular CLI to create a new Angular Project as following command:

ng new Angular11ImageUploadPreview
? Would you like to add Angular routing? No
? Which stylesheet format would you like to use? CSS

We also need to generate some Components and Services:

ng g s services/file-upload
ng g c components/upload-images

Now you can see that our project directory structure looks like this.

Angular 11 App for Multiple Image upload with Preview


Let me explain it briefly.

– We import necessary library, components in app.module.ts.
file-upload.service provides methods to save File and get Files from Rest Apis Server.
upload-images.component contains upload multiple images form, preview, some progress bars, display list of images.
app.component is the container that we embed all components.
index.html for importing the Bootstrap.

Set up App Module

Open app.module.ts and import HttpClientModule:

import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { HttpClientModule } from '@angular/common/http';

import { AppComponent } from './app.component';
import { UploadImagesComponent } from './components/upload-images/upload-images.component';

  declarations: [
  imports: [
  providers: [],
  bootstrap: [AppComponent]
export class AppModule { }

Add Bootstrap to the project

Open index.html and add following line into <head> tag:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
    <link type="text/css" rel="stylesheet" href="[email protected]/dist/css/bootstrap.min.css" />

Create Angular Service for Upload Files

This service will use Angular HttpClient to send HTTP requests.
There are 2 functions:

  • upload(file): returns Observable<HttpEvent<any>> that we’re gonna use for tracking progress
  • getFiles(): returns a list of Files’ information as Observable object


import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';
import { HttpClient, HttpRequest, HttpEvent } from '@angular/common/http';
import { Observable } from 'rxjs';

  providedIn: 'root'
export class FileUploadService {
  private baseUrl = 'http://localhost:8080';

  constructor(private http: HttpClient) { }

  upload(file: File): Observable<HttpEvent<any>> {
    const formData: FormData = new FormData();

    formData.append('file', file);

    const req = new HttpRequest('POST', `${this.baseUrl}/upload`, formData, {
      reportProgress: true,
      responseType: 'json'

    return this.http.request(req);

  getFiles(): Observable<any> {
    return this.http.get(`${this.baseUrl}/files`);

FormData is a data structure that can be used to store key-value pairs. We use it to build an object which corresponds to an HTML form with append() method.

– We set reportProgress: true to exposes progress events. Notice that this progress event are expensive (change detection for each event), so you should only use when you want to monitor it.

– We call the request(PostRequest) & get() method of HttpClient to send an HTTP POST & Get request to the Multiple Files Upload Rest server.

Create Angular Component for Upload Multiple Images

Let’s create a Multiple Images Upload UI with Preview, Progress Bars, Card, Button and Message.

First we need to use the following imports:


import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { HttpEventType, HttpResponse } from '@angular/common/http';
import { Observable } from 'rxjs';
import { FileUploadService } from 'src/app/services/file-upload.service';

Then we define the some variables and inject FileUploadService as follows:

export class UploadImagesComponent implements OnInit {

  selectedFiles?: FileList;
  progressInfos: any[] = [];
  message: string[] = [];

  previews: string[] = [];
  imageInfos?: Observable<any>;

  constructor(private uploadService: FileUploadService) { }

The progressInfos is an array that contains items for display upload progress of each images. Each item will have 2 fields: percentage & fileName.

Next we define selectFiles() method. It helps us to get the selected Images that we’re gonna upload.

selectFiles(event: any): void {
  this.message = [];
  this.progressInfos = [];
  this.selectedFiles =;

  this.previews = [];
  if (this.selectedFiles && this.selectedFiles[0]) {
    const numberOfFiles = this.selectedFiles.length;
    for (let i = 0; i < numberOfFiles; i++) {
      const reader = new FileReader();

      reader.onload = (e: any) => {


We use FileReader with readAsDataURL() method to get the image preview URL and put it into previews array. This method produces data as a data: URL representing the file’s data as a base64 encoded string. The URL life is tied to the document in the window on which it was created.

Also use selectedFiles array for accessing current selected Files.

Now we iterate over the selected Files above and call upload() method on each file item.

uploadFiles(): void {
  this.message = [];

  if (this.selectedFiles) {
    for (let i = 0; i < this.selectedFiles.length; i++) {
      this.upload(i, this.selectedFiles[i]);

Next we define upload() method for uploading each image:

upload(idx: number, file: File): void {
  this.progressInfos[idx] = { value: 0, fileName: };

  if (file) {
      (event: any) => {
        if (event.type === HttpEventType.UploadProgress) {
          this.progressInfos[idx].value = Math.round(100 * event.loaded /;
        } else if (event instanceof HttpResponse) {
          const msg = 'Uploaded the file successfully: ' +;
          this.imageInfos = this.uploadService.getFiles();
      (err: any) => {
        this.progressInfos[idx].value = 0;
        const msg = 'Could not upload the file: ' +;

We use idx for accessing index of the current File to work with progressInfos array. Then we call uploadService.upload() method on the file.

The progress will be calculated basing on event.loaded and
If the transmission is done, the event will be a HttpResponse object. At this time, we call uploadService.getFiles() to get the files’ information and assign the result to imageInfos variable.

We also need to do this work in ngOnInit() method:

ngOnInit(): void {
  this.imageInfos = this.uploadService.getFiles();

Now we create the HTML template of the Upload File UI.
Add the following content to upload-images.component.html file:

<div *ngFor="let progressInfo of progressInfos" class="mb-2">
  <span>{{ progressInfo.fileName }}</span>
  <div class="progress">
      class="progress-bar progress-bar-info progress-bar-striped"
      attr.aria-valuenow="{{ progressInfo.value }}"
      [ngStyle]="{ width: progressInfo.value + '%' }"
      {{ progressInfo.value }}%

<div class="row">
  <div class="col-8">
    <label class="btn btn-default p-0">
      <input type="file" accept="image/*" multiple (change)="selectFiles($event)" />

  <div class="col-4">
      class="btn btn-success btn-sm"

  <img *ngFor='let preview of previews' [src]="preview" class="preview">

<div *ngIf="message.length" class="alert alert-secondary my-3" role="alert">
  <ul *ngFor="let msg of message; let i = index">
    <li>{{ msg }}</li>

<div class="card mt-3">
  <div class="card-header">List of Images</div>
    class="list-group list-group-flush"
    *ngFor="let image of imageInfos | async"
    <li class="list-group-item">
      <p><a href="{{ image.url }}">{{ }}</a></p>
      <img src="{{ image.url }}" alt="{{ }}" height="80px" />


.preview {
  max-width: 200px;

Add Upload Multiple Images Component to App Component

Open app.component.html and embed the Upload Images Component with <app-upload-images> tag.

<div class="container" style="width:650px">
  <div class="my-3">
    <h4>{{ title }}</h4>



import { Component } from '@angular/core';

  selector: 'app-root',
  templateUrl: './app.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./app.component.css']
export class AppComponent {
  title = 'Angular 11 Multiple Images Upload with Preview';

Run the App

If you use one of following server:
Node.js Express File Upload Rest API example
Node.js Express File Upload to MongoDB example
Node.js Express File Upload to Google Cloud Storage example
Spring Boot Multipart File upload (to static folder) example

You need run with port 8081 for CORS origin http://localhost:8081 with command:
ng serve --port 8081

Open Browser with url http://localhost:8081/ and check the result.

Or run on Stackblitz:

Further Reading

Newer versions:
Using Angular 12
Using Angular 13
Using Angular 14
Using Angular 15
Using Angular 16


Today we’re learned how to build an example for multiple Images upload with preview using Angular 11 and FormData. We also provide the ability to show list of images, multiple progress bars using Bootstrap.

You can find how to implement the Rest APIs Server at one of following posts:
Node.js Express File Upload Rest API example
Node.js Express File Upload to MongoDB example
Node.js Express File Upload to Google Cloud Storage example
Spring Boot Multipart File upload (to static folder) example

The source code for the Angular 11 Client is uploaded to Github.